How to Paint a Space: 10 Steps to Painting Walls Like a DIY Pro
Discover how to paint a room in your home or apartment with these simple DIY steps and brighten up any area in no time
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Painting a space is a popular task for beginning DIYers and experienced renovators alike. Read onto discover how to paint a space and see the steps you’ll need to follow to make sure your job is a success.
1. Plan your approach
Start by thinking of how you want the completed project to keep in mind and look that you’re not restricted to 4 walls in the exact same color. Think about painting an accent wall in a vibrant shade or highlighting moldings in a contrasting shade or surface. And don’t forget to look up and see whether the ceiling might use a refresh too.
2. Choose your color
Start by figuring out the general color qualities: Do you desire a warm or cool shade? If you have existing furniture or art, you’ll also want to think about how the shade will match them. Evaluate the tones to see how they look in the space at various times of day.
Lots of paint companies also have tools on their websites that will let you publish a photo of your area and preview different colors on the walls. But colors can look different in real-world conditions, so you’ll still need to try it out in the area.
3. Pick out your tools and materials
Every job is unique and you may need various tools depending on the paint you pick and the condition of your walls, however there are a few must-haves.
- Paint roller
- Paint roller extension pole
- Drop cloths
- Paint brushes
- Paint tray
- Painter’s tape
- Putty knife
4. Identify just how much paint you’ll require
Whether you’re painting a powder room or the outside of your house, the basic rule of thumb is one gallon per 400 square feet, says Carl Minchew, vice president of color innovation and design at Benjamin Moore. But that’s just a rough guideline: To get a more accurate number, which you’ll absolutely desire for large projects, use a paint calculator like the ones provided by Benjamin Moore or Pratt & Lambert; they take into consideration doors and window measurements. (And both presume two coats of paint per project.).
Preparation on making light of a charcoal-gray wall? When going from dark to light, you’ll likely need extra paint. On the other end of the spectrum, a deep color base tends to require more coats of paint than a lighter color, states Carolyn Noble, color marketing and design manager at Pratt & Lambert. She recommends applying a gray tinted primer to the surface before you paint your walls a saturated color to help in reducing the variety of applications. When it pertains to end up, you may have heard the glossier it is, the higher the coverage rate, however it’s inadequate of a difference to change the number of gallons you require to purchase, says Minchew.
If you’re painting a highly textured surface area instead of a smooth one, purchase a little extra, says Julianne Simcox, Pratt & Lambert associate brand name manager. Cabinets with complicated millwork require more paint, too; Minchew recommends acquiring about 10 percent more than computed.
Whether you’re painting a powder space or the outside of your house, the basic rule of thumb is one gallon per 400 square feet, states Carl Minchew, vice president of color development and style at Benjamin Moore. That’s simply a rough guideline: To get a more accurate number, which you’ll absolutely want for large tasks, use a paint calculator like the ones offered by Benjamin Moore or Pratt & Lambert; they take into account window and door measurements. On the other end of the spectrum, a deep color base tends to need more coats of paint than a lighter color, states Carolyn Noble, color marketing and style supervisor at Pratt & Lambert. She suggests using a gray tinted primer to the surface area prior to you paint your walls a saturated color to help decrease the number of applications.
5. Preparation the walls and the space
You do not want to damage your favorite couch or that heirloom Granny offered you, so empty the room of all the furnishings. If you do not have adequate space, push whatever to the. Cover the pieces with a drop cloth or lightweight plastic sheeting and do the same with the floor. “Do not avoid the ground cloth, paint will splash, we assure,” state New Jersey– based contractors– and cousins– John Colaneri and Anthony Carrino, the stars of restoration series Strategy on Ellen DeGeneres’s Ellen Digital Network.
“Getting a good seal so paint doesn’t get under the tape is everything, plus it will pull away tidy after whatever is dry,” they state. Eliminate outlet and light switch covers and use painters tape to safeguard outlets and switches from paint leaks.
6. Mix your paint
Utilize a wooden paint stick to stir the paint, and re-stir often throughout the project. Integrate the cans in a large pail in case there is a minor variation in color if you’re using more than one gallon of paint.
7. Select your painting methods
Your paint is combined and your roller is at the all set, however ensure to prepare a strategy before you begin. Work from the top of the room down, beginning with the ceilings. Planning a bold focal wall? Paint the adjacent light-color walls first. “Do not worry if you get paint on what will be your accent wall– the dark paint will cover up whatever lighter paint discovered its method there. After the lighter wall dries, tape off that ledge so the dark color does not bleed onto your brand-new paint,” Colaneri and Carrino advise. If you’re concealing dark walls with a brighter hue, plan on three coats: your primer, plus two coats of the brand-new color to make sure nothing shows through.
Deal with one wall at a time. Take a brush and “cut in”– paint along the molding and the corners from top to bottom– while your pal utilizes a roller to cover the main area of the wall, keeping away from those more exact areas. When using paint with the roller, utilize long strokes in a W pattern for sufficient protection (and to avoid those annoying roller marks). When the wall is dry to the touch, it’s ready for a second coat.
If you are painting the trim, get rid of the painter’s tape and await the walls to dry, before using tape to the walls. Start with the trim closest to the ceiling, moving on to door and window frames, and lastly the baseboards.
8. Don’t forget ventilation
Ensure your space is well-ventilated throughout the project by opening windows and utilizing fans.” Keeping the room warm and a fan blowing definitely helps speed up the drying procedure,” say the cousins. “If it’s a moist day, it will take much longer for the paint to dry.”
“Don’t stress if you get paint on what will be your accent wall– the dark paint will cover up whatever lighter paint found its method there. After the lighter wall dries, tape off that ledge so the dark color does not bleed onto your brand-new paint,” Colaneri and Carrino encourage. Take a brush and “cut in”– paint along the molding and the corners from leading to bottom– while your friend utilizes a roller to cover the main expanse of the wall, staying away from those more accurate areas.
9. Tidy up
For latex- and water-based paints, clean brushes with soap and water, while oil-based paints will need mineral spirits. If you desire to reuse roller covers, utilize the curved edge of a 5-in-1 tool to eliminate the paint under running water.
10. Give yourself sufficient time
The amount of time your project will take depends upon the size of your room, how you’re painting, and your ability level. For example, utilizing a dark shade on the walls and painting the ceiling and cut will take longer than simply doing the walls in a neutral. While some spaces can be carried out in a couple of hours, others might take numerous days. Be sure to spending plan more time than you believe the job will need and do not forget to take preparation and clean-up into account.
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