How to Paint a Space: 10 Steps to Painting Walls Like a DIY Pro
Find out how to paint a room in your home or apartment or condo with these easy DIY steps and illuminate any space in no time
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Painting a space is a popular task for beginning DIYers and seasoned renovators alike. Read onto find out how to paint a space and see the steps you’ll require to follow to make sure your task is a success.
1. Plan your method
Start by thinking about how you want the finished job to look and remember that you’re not limited to 4 walls in the same color. Think about painting an accent wall in a strong color or highlighting moldings in a contrasting shade or surface. And do not forget to look up and see whether the ceiling might utilize a refresh as well.
2. Choose your color
Start by figuring out the general color qualities: Do you want a cool or warm shade? If you have existing furniture or art, you’ll also want to think about how the shade will compliment them. Test the tones to see how they look in the room at various times of day.
Many paint business likewise have tools on their sites that will let you submit a photo of your space and sneak peek different colors on the walls. However colors can look different in real-world conditions, so you’ll still need to try it out in the space.
3. Choose your tools and materials
Every project is distinct and you might require various tools depending on the paint you pick and the condition of your walls, however there are a few must-haves.
- Paint roller
- Paint roller extension pole
- Ground cloth
- Paint brushes
- Paint tray
- Painter’s tape
- Putty knife
4. Figure out how much paint you’ll require
Whether you’re painting a powder room or the outside of your house, the general guideline is one gallon per 400 square feet, says Carl Minchew, vice president of color development and design at Benjamin Moore. That’s simply a rough standard: To get a more accurate number, which you’ll absolutely want for large tasks, utilize a paint calculator like the ones offered by Benjamin Moore or Pratt & Lambert; they take into account window and door measurements. (And both assume two coats of paint per job.).
On the other end of the spectrum, a deep color base tends to require more coats of paint than a lighter color, says Carolyn Noble, color marketing and style supervisor at Pratt & Lambert. She suggests using a gray tinted guide to the surface prior to you paint your walls a saturated color to help decrease the number of applications.
If you’re painting an extremely textured surface instead of a smooth one, purchase a little additional, states Julianne Simcox, Pratt & Lambert associate brand name manager. Cabinets with complicated millwork need more paint, too; Minchew suggests buying about 10 percent more than calculated.
Whether you’re painting a powder room or the outside of your house, the general guideline of thumb is one gallon per 400 square feet, says Carl Minchew, vice president of color innovation and style at Benjamin Moore. That’s simply a rough standard: To get a more exact number, which you’ll certainly want for large jobs, use a paint calculator like the ones provided by Benjamin Moore or Pratt & Lambert; they take into account window and door measurements. On the other end of the spectrum, a deep color base tends to need more coats of paint than a lighter color, says Carolyn Noble, color marketing and design manager at Pratt & Lambert. She suggests using a gray tinted primer to the surface area prior to you paint your walls a saturated color to assist minimize the number of applications.
5. Prep the walls and the space
You don’t want to damage your favorite sofa or that heirloom Granny gave you, so empty the room of all the furniture. If you don’t have enough area, push whatever to the center. Cover the pieces with a ground cloth or lightweight plastic sheeting and do the exact same with the floor. “Do not avoid the drop cloth, paint will splatter, we assure,” say New Jersey– based contractors– and cousins– John Colaneri and Anthony Carrino, the stars of renovation series Grand Design on Ellen DeGeneres’s Ellen Digital Network.
Get a roll of painter’s tape– the cousins advise FrogTape– and strongly use it to the edges of the space’s corners, base and crown moldings, and door and window cases, using a putty knife to seal if required. “Getting an excellent seal so paint doesn’t get under the tape is whatever, plus it will pull away clean after whatever is dry,” they say. If you dare (or have an artist’s stable hand), you can avoid taping totally. Get rid of outlet and light switch covers and apply painters tape to protect outlets and switches from paint drips.
6. Mix your paint
Utilize a wood paint adhere to stir the paint, and re-stir frequently throughout the task. Integrate the cans in a big pail in case there is a minor variation in color if you’re utilizing more than one gallon of paint.
7. Choose your painting techniques
Your paint is mixed and your roller is at the all set, but ensure to plan a method prior to you start. Work from the top of the room down, starting with the ceilings. Preparation a bold focal wall? Paint the adjacent light-color walls. “Don’t stress if you get paint on what will be your accent wall– the dark paint will cover whatever lighter paint discovered its method there. After the lighter wall dries, tape off that ledge so the dark color does not bleed onto your new paint,” Colaneri and Carrino recommend. If you’re covering up dark walls with a brighter shade, intend on 3 coats: your guide, plus 2 coats of the new color to guarantee absolutely nothing shows through.
Take a brush and “cut in”– paint along the molding and the corners from leading to bottom– while your friend utilizes a roller to cover the main stretch of the wall, remaining away from those more precise spots. When applying paint with the roller, utilize long strokes in a W pattern for sufficient coverage (and to avoid those bothersome roller marks).
If you are painting the trim, eliminate the painter’s tape and await the walls to dry, before applying tape to the walls. Start with the trim closest to the ceiling, proceeding to windows and door frames, and lastly the baseboards.
8. Don’t forget ventilation
Make sure your space is well-ventilated throughout the job by opening windows and using fans.” Keeping the space warm and a fan blowing absolutely helps accelerate the drying procedure,” say the cousins. “If it’s a moist day, it will take much longer for the paint to dry.”
“Do not stress if you get paint on what will be your accent wall– the dark paint will cover up whatever lighter paint discovered its way there. After the lighter wall dries, tape off that ledge so the dark color doesn’t bleed onto your brand-new paint,” Colaneri and Carrino encourage. Take a brush and “cut in”– paint along the molding and the corners from leading to bottom– while your good friend uses a roller to cover the main area of the wall, remaining away from those more exact spots.
9. Tidy up
You’ve done numerous coats, but it’s not time to unwind right now. Eliminate all painters tape and gather drop clothes, making certain any spills or splatters are dry before you move them. For latex- and water-based paints, clean brushes with soap and water, while oil-based paints will need mineral spirits. You can utilize a painter’s brush to clean and reshape bristles. Utilize the curved edge of a 5-in-1 tool to remove the paint under running water if you desire to reuse roller covers.
10. Provide yourself sufficient time
The amount of time your job will take depends on the size of your space, how you’re painting, and your ability level. Using a dark shade on the walls and painting the ceiling and cut will take longer than simply doing the walls in a neutral.
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