How to Paint a Space: 10 Steps to Painting Walls Like a DIY Pro
Learn how to paint a room in your home or apartment or condo with these easy DIY actions and cheer up any area in no time
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Painting a room is a popular job for beginning DIYers and experienced renovators alike. After all, it’s pretty painless, reasonably economical, and must something go horribly wrong, simple to repair. Prior to you grab your roller and get started, it’s important to have a plan of attack. Continue reading to discover how to paint a space and see the actions you’ll need to follow to make certain your job is a success.
1. Plan your technique
Start by thinking of how you desire the finished task to look and remember that you’re not restricted to four walls in the very same color. Consider painting an accent wall in a vibrant hue or highlighting moldings in a contrasting shade or finish. And don’t forget to search for and see whether the ceiling could utilize a refresh also.
2. Pick your color
Checking out fan decks and paint chips can be overwhelming. Start by figuring out the general color attributes: Do you want a warm or cool shade? A neutral or a saturated shade? You’ll likewise want to consider how the shade will match them if you have existing furnishings or art. As soon as you have a sense of what you’re searching for, select a few shades and get samples. Evaluate the tones to see how they search in the space at various times of day.
Lots of paint companies likewise have tools on their sites that will let you submit an image of your area and preview various colors on the walls. But colors can look different in real-world conditions, so you’ll still need to try it out in the area.
3. Select your tools and materials
Every project is distinct and you may require various tools depending on the paint you choose and the condition of your walls, but there are a few must-haves.
- Paint roller
- Paint roller extension pole
- Ground cloth
- Paint brushes
- Paint tray
- Painter’s tape
- Putty knife
4. Identify how much paint you’ll require
Whether you’re painting a powder room or the exterior of your house, the general rule of thumb is one gallon per 400 square feet, states Carl Minchew, vice president of color innovation and style at Benjamin Moore. That’s just a rough standard: To get a more exact number, which you’ll certainly desire for large jobs, utilize a paint calculator like the ones offered by Benjamin Moore or Pratt & Lambert; they take into account window and door measurements. (And both assume two coats of paint per job.).
On the other end of the spectrum, a deep color base tends to require more coats of paint than a lighter color, says Carolyn Noble, color marketing and design manager at Pratt & Lambert. She recommends using a gray tinted primer to the surface area before you paint your walls a saturated color to assist decrease the number of applications.
If you’re painting a highly textured surface instead of a smooth one, purchase a little extra, states Julianne Simcox, Pratt & Lambert associate brand manager. Cabinets with complicated millwork need more paint, too; Minchew suggests buying about 10 percent more than calculated.
Whether you’re painting a powder room or the outside of your house, the general guideline of thumb is one gallon per 400 square feet, states Carl Minchew, vice president of color innovation and design at Benjamin Moore. That’s simply a rough standard: To get a more exact number, which you’ll certainly desire for large tasks, utilize a paint calculator like the ones supplied by Benjamin Moore or Pratt & Lambert; they take into account window and door measurements. On the other end of the spectrum, a deep color base tends to need more coats of paint than a lighter color, states Carolyn Noble, color marketing and design supervisor at Pratt & Lambert. She advises applying a gray tinted guide to the surface area before you paint your walls a saturated color to help reduce the number of applications.
5. Prep the walls and the space
You do not wish to damage your preferred couch or that treasure Grandmother gave you, so empty the room of all the furniture. Push everything to the center if you do not have enough area. Cover the pieces with a drop cloth or lightweight plastic sheeting and do the very same with the floor. “Don’t skip the drop cloth, paint will splatter, we guarantee,” say New Jersey– based contractors– and cousins– John Colaneri and Anthony Carrino, the stars of renovation series Grand Design on Ellen DeGeneres’s Ellen Digital Network.
Grab a roll of painter’s tape– the cousins suggest FrogTape– and firmly apply it to the edges of the room’s corners, base and crown moldings, and windows and door cases, using a putty knife to seal if needed. “Getting a good seal so paint does not get under the tape is whatever, plus it will pull away clean after whatever is dry,” they say. You can skip taping totally if you attempt (or have an artist’s consistent hand). Eliminate outlet and light switch covers and apply painters tape to secure outlets and switches from paint leaks.
6. Mix your paint
Use a wood paint adhere to stir the paint, and re-stir frequently throughout the project. If you’re using more than one gallon of paint, integrate the cans in a large pail in case there is a slight variation in color.
7. Pick your painting methods
Your paint is blended and your roller is at the prepared, however make certain to prepare a technique prior to you get started. Work from the top of the room down, starting with the ceilings. Planning a bold focal wall? Paint the adjoining light-color walls initially. “Don’t stress if you get paint on what will be your accent wall– the dark paint will cover up whatever lighter paint found its way there. After the lighter wall dries, tape off that ledge so the dark color doesn’t bleed onto your new paint,” Colaneri and Carrino recommend. If you’re covering dark walls with a brighter shade, plan on 3 coats: your primer, plus two coats of the brand-new color to guarantee nothing programs through.
Deal with one wall at a time. Take a brush and “cut in”– paint along the molding and the corners from top to bottom– while your good friend utilizes a roller to cover the main stretch of the wall, staying away from those more exact spots. When using paint with the roller, use long strokes in a W pattern for adequate coverage (and to prevent those pesky roller marks). As soon as the wall is dry to the touch, it’s ready for a 2nd coat.
If you are painting the trim, remove the painter’s tape and await the walls to dry, prior to using tape to the walls. Start with the trim closest to the ceiling, moving on to windows and door frames, and lastly the baseboards.
8. Don’t forget ventilation
Ensure your area is well-ventilated throughout the project by opening windows and using fans.” Keeping the room warm and a fan blowing absolutely helps speed up the drying procedure,” state the cousins. “If it’s a wet day, it will take much longer for the paint to dry.”
“Do not fret if you get paint on what will be your accent wall– the dark paint will cover up whatever lighter paint found its method there. After the lighter wall dries, tape off that ledge so the dark color does not bleed onto your brand-new paint,” Colaneri and Carrino advise. Take a brush and “cut in”– paint along the molding and the corners from top to bottom– while your friend utilizes a roller to cover the main area of the wall, staying away from those more precise spots.
9. Clean up
For latex- and water-based paints, clean brushes with soap and water, while oil-based paints will need mineral spirits. If you want to reuse roller covers, use the curved edge of a 5-in-1 tool to get rid of the paint under running water.
10. Offer yourself adequate time
The quantity of time your project will take depends on the size of your space, how you’re painting, and your ability level. Utilizing a dark shade on the walls and painting the ceiling and trim will take longer than just doing the walls in a neutral.
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