how many coats of exterior paint are needed?

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how many coats of exterior paint are needed?

How to Paint a Space: 10 Steps to Painting Walls Like a DIY Pro

Learn how to paint a space in your home or house with these simple DIY actions and illuminate any area in no time

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Painting a room is a popular task for beginning DIYers and veteran renovators alike. It’s pretty pain-free, reasonably affordable, and should something go horribly wrong, simple to fix. However before you grab your roller and start, it is essential to have a master plan. Continue reading to learn how to paint a room and see the steps you’ll require to follow to ensure your job is a success.

1. Strategy your technique

Start by considering how you want the ended up project to keep in mind and look that you’re not limited to 4 walls in the same color. Think about painting an accent wall in a strong hue or highlighting moldings in a contrasting shade or surface. And don’t forget to look up and see whether the ceiling might utilize a refresh.

2. Choose your color

Browsing through fan decks and paint chips can be frustrating. Start by figuring out the basic color characteristics: Do you want a cool or warm shade? A neutral or a saturated shade? You’ll also want to think about how the shade will match them if you have existing furniture or art. Once you have a sense of what you’re searching for, select a couple of tones and get samples. Check the tones to see how they look in the space at different times of day.

Many paint business likewise have tools on their sites that will let you publish a photo of your space and sneak peek various colors on the walls. However colors can look different in real-world conditions, so you’ll still require to try it out in the space.

3. Pick out your materials and tools

Every task is distinct and you might need various tools depending upon the paint you pick and the condition of your walls, but there are a few must-haves.

  • Paint
  • Paint roller
  • Paint roller extension pole
  • Drop cloths
  • Paint brushes
  • Paint tray
  • Sandpaper
  • Painter’s tape
  • Rags
  • Putty knife

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4. Determine just how much paint you’ll need

Whether you’re painting a powder room or the outside of your house, the basic general rule is one gallon per 400 square feet, states Carl Minchew, vice president of color development and style at Benjamin Moore. But that’s just a rough standard: To get a more precise number, which you’ll certainly want for big projects, use a paint calculator like the ones provided by Benjamin Moore or Pratt & Lambert; they take into consideration window and door measurements. (And both presume 2 coats of paint per task.).

Preparation on glossing over a charcoal-gray wall? When going from dark to light, you’ll likely need additional paint. On the other end of the spectrum, a deep color base tends to need more coats of paint than a lighter color, states Carolyn Noble, color marketing and design supervisor at Pratt & Lambert. She suggests using a gray tinted guide to the surface before you paint your walls a saturated color to help in reducing the number of applications. When it concerns end up, you might have heard the glossier it is, the greater the protection rate, but it’s inadequate of a distinction to change the number of gallons you need to buy, states Minchew.

If you’re painting a highly textured surface area rather than a smooth one, purchase a little additional, says Julianne Simcox, Pratt & Lambert associate brand supervisor. Cabinets with complicated millwork require more paint, too; Minchew suggests acquiring about 10 percent more than calculated.

Whether you’re painting a powder space or the exterior of your house, the general guideline of thumb is one gallon per 400 square feet, says Carl Minchew, vice president of color development and design at Benjamin Moore. That’s simply a rough guideline: To get a more precise number, which you’ll absolutely want for large projects, utilize a paint calculator like the ones supplied by Benjamin Moore or Pratt & Lambert; they take into account window and door measurements. On the other end of the spectrum, a deep color base tends to require more coats of paint than a lighter color, states Carolyn Noble, color marketing and design supervisor at Pratt & Lambert. She advises applying a gray tinted primer to the surface area before you paint your walls a saturated color to help lower the number of applications.

5. Preparation the walls and the space

You do not wish to harm your preferred couch or that heirloom Granny offered you, so empty the space of all the furniture. If you don’t have sufficient space, push everything to the. Cover the pieces with a ground cloth or lightweight plastic sheeting and do the very same with the flooring. “Do not skip the drop cloth, paint will splatter, we assure,” state New Jersey– based professionals– and cousins– John Colaneri and Anthony Carrino, the stars of renovation series Grand Design on Ellen DeGeneres’s Ellen Digital Network.
“Getting a good seal so paint does not get under the tape is everything, plus it will pull away clean after whatever is dry,” they say. Remove outlet and light switch covers and use painters tape to protect outlets and switches from paint leaks.

6. Mix your paint

Use a wooden paint stay with stir the paint, and re-stir typically throughout the project. Integrate the cans in a big bucket in case there is a small variation in color if you’re utilizing more than one gallon of paint.

7. Select your painting methods

Your paint is mixed and your roller is at the all set, but ensure to prepare a technique prior to you get going. Work from the top of the space down, beginning with the ceilings. Planning a strong focal wall? Paint the adjacent light-color walls. “Do not worry if you get paint on what will be your accent wall– the dark paint will conceal whatever lighter paint found its method there. After the lighter wall dries, tape off that ledge so the dark color doesn’t bleed onto your new paint,” Colaneri and Carrino advise. If you’re covering dark walls with a brighter hue, plan on 3 coats: your primer, plus 2 coats of the brand-new color to guarantee absolutely nothing programs through.
Take a brush and “cut in”– paint along the molding and the corners from leading to bottom– while your buddy uses a roller to cover the main area of the wall, remaining away from those more precise areas. When using paint with the roller, utilize long strokes in a W pattern for ample protection (and to avoid those annoying roller marks).

If you are painting the trim, remove the painter’s tape and await the walls to dry, before applying tape to the walls. Start with the trim closest to the ceiling, carrying on to door and window frames, and lastly the baseboards.

8. Don’t forget ventilation

Make certain your space is well-ventilated throughout the task by opening windows and utilizing fans.” Keeping the space warm and a fan blowing absolutely helps speed up the drying procedure,” say the cousins. “If it’s a wet day, it will take much longer for the paint to dry.”

“Do not stress if you get paint on what will be your accent wall– the dark paint will cover up whatever lighter paint found its method there. After the lighter wall dries, tape off that ledge so the dark color doesn’t bleed onto your new paint,” Colaneri and Carrino advise. Take a brush and “cut in”– paint along the molding and the corners from leading to bottom– while your good friend uses a roller to cover the primary stretch of the wall, staying away from those more exact areas.

9. Clean up

You have actually done numerous coats, however it’s not time to relax just yet. Get rid of all painters tape and collect drop clothing, making sure any spills or splatters are dry before you move them. For latex- and water-based paints, tidy brushes with soap and water, while oil-based paints will require mineral spirits. You can utilize a painter’s brush to tidy and improve bristles. Utilize the curved edge of a 5-in-1 tool to remove the paint under running water if you desire to reuse roller covers.

10. Offer yourself enough time

The quantity of time your task will take depends on the size of your space, how you’re painting, and your ability level. Utilizing a dark shade on the walls and painting the ceiling and cut will take longer than simply doing the walls in a neutral.

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