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do i require to prime exterior walls before painting

How to Paint a Room: 10 Steps to Painting Walls Like a Do It Yourself Pro

Find out how to paint a space in your home or home with these simple DIY steps and cheer up any area in no time

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Painting a room is a popular project for beginning DIYers and seasoned renovators alike. Read onto learn how to paint a room and see the steps you’ll require to follow to make sure your task is a success.

1. Strategy your technique

Start by thinking of how you want the completed job to look and keep in mind that you’re not limited to 4 walls in the exact same color. Consider painting an accent wall in a strong shade or highlighting moldings in a contrasting shade or finish. And don’t forget to look up and see whether the ceiling might use a refresh.

2. Pick your color

Start by figuring out the basic color characteristics: Do you desire a warm or cool shade? If you have existing furnishings or art, you’ll also want to consider how the shade will compliment them. Check the shades to see how they look in the room at different times of day.

Numerous paint business also have tools on their sites that will let you publish an image of your space and preview different colors on the walls. However colors can look different in real-world conditions, so you’ll still require to try it out in the area.

3. Select your tools and materials

Every task is special and you may need various tools depending on the paint you select and the condition of your walls, but there are a couple of must-haves.

  • Paint
  • Paint roller
  • Paint roller extension pole
  • Ground cloth
  • Paint brushes
  • Paint tray
  • Sandpaper
  • Painter’s tape
  • Rags
  • Putty knife

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4. Determine how much paint you’ll need

Whether you’re painting a powder room or the outside of your house, the general rule of thumb is one gallon per 400 square feet, says Carl Minchew, vice president of color development and design at Benjamin Moore. However that’s just a rough standard: To get a more accurate number, which you’ll certainly desire for big projects, utilize a paint calculator like the ones supplied by Benjamin Moore or Pratt & Lambert; they take into account doors and window measurements. (And both assume two coats of paint per task.).

Planning on suppressing a charcoal-gray wall? You’ll likely need extra paint when going from dark to light. On the other end of the spectrum, a deep color base tends to require more coats of paint than a lighter color, says Carolyn Noble, color marketing and design manager at Pratt & Lambert. She recommends using a gray tinted guide to the surface before you paint your walls a saturated color to help reduce the number of applications. When it concerns complete, you may have heard the glossier it is, the greater the protection rate, however it’s not enough of a difference to change the variety of gallons you need to purchase, says Minchew.

If you’re painting an extremely textured surface rather than a smooth one, purchase a little additional, states Julianne Simcox, Pratt & Lambert associate brand supervisor. Cabinets with complex millwork require more paint, too; Minchew recommends buying about 10 percent more than determined.

Whether you’re painting a powder space or the outside of your house, the general guideline of thumb is one gallon per 400 square feet, states Carl Minchew, vice president of color development and design at Benjamin Moore. That’s just a rough guideline: To get a more exact number, which you’ll absolutely want for big tasks, utilize a paint calculator like the ones provided by Benjamin Moore or Pratt & Lambert; they take into account window and door measurements. On the other end of the spectrum, a deep color base tends to require more coats of paint than a lighter color, says Carolyn Noble, color marketing and design supervisor at Pratt & Lambert. She recommends using a gray tinted guide to the surface before you paint your walls a saturated color to assist decrease the number of applications.

5. Prep the walls and the room

You don’t want to harm your favorite sofa or that heirloom Grandma offered you, so empty the space of all the furnishings. “Don’t skip the drop fabric, paint will splatter, we guarantee,” say New Jersey– based professionals– and cousins– John Colaneri and Anthony Carrino, the stars of renovation series Grand Design on Ellen DeGeneres’s Ellen Digital Network.
Grab a roll of painter’s tape– the cousins recommend FrogTape– and strongly apply it to the edges of the space’s corners, base and crown moldings, and door and window housings, using a putty knife to seal if required. “Getting a good seal so paint doesn’t get under the tape is whatever, plus it will pull away clean after whatever is dry,” they state. You can avoid taping completely if you dare (or have an artist’s constant hand). Remove outlet and light switch covers and use painters tape to secure outlets and switches from paint leaks.

6. Mix your paint

Utilize a wood paint stick to stir the paint, and re-stir typically throughout the project. If you’re utilizing more than one gallon of paint, combine the cans in a big bucket in case there is a small variation in color.

7. Select your painting techniques

Your paint is mixed and your roller is at the prepared, however make certain to prepare a strategy prior to you get going. Work from the top of the room down, beginning with the ceilings. Preparation a strong focal wall? Paint the adjacent light-color walls. “Don’t stress if you get paint on what will be your accent wall– the dark paint will cover whatever lighter paint found its way there. After the lighter wall dries, tape off that ledge so the dark color does not bleed onto your brand-new paint,” Colaneri and Carrino recommend. If you’re covering dark walls with a brighter hue, intend on 3 coats: your primer, plus 2 coats of the new color to make sure absolutely nothing programs through.
Tackle one wall at a time. Take a brush and “cut in”– paint along the molding and the corners from top to bottom– while your buddy utilizes a roller to cover the main area of the wall, keeping away from those more exact areas. When using paint with the roller, utilize long strokes in a W pattern for sufficient coverage (and to avoid those bothersome roller marks). Once the wall is dry to the touch, it’s ready for a second coat.

If you are painting the trim, remove the painter’s tape and await the walls to dry, before applying tape to the walls. Start with the trim closest to the ceiling, proceeding to door and window frames, and finally the baseboards.

8. Do not forget ventilation

Make certain your space is well-ventilated throughout the task by opening windows and utilizing fans.” Keeping the space warm and a fan blowing certainly helps speed up the drying process,” state the cousins. “If it’s a moist day, it will take a lot longer for the paint to dry.”

“Do not fret if you get paint on what will be your accent wall– the dark paint will cover up whatever lighter paint discovered its way there. After the lighter wall dries, tape off that ledge so the dark color does not bleed onto your new paint,” Colaneri and Carrino advise. Take a brush and “cut in”– paint along the molding and the corners from top to bottom– while your buddy utilizes a roller to cover the main area of the wall, remaining away from those more precise spots.

9. Clean up

You’ve done multiple coats, but it’s not time to relax just yet. Eliminate all painters tape and collect drop clothes, making sure any spills or splatters are dry before you move them. For latex- and water-based paints, clean brushes with soap and water, while oil-based paints will need mineral spirits. You can use a painter’s brush to clean and improve bristles. Utilize the curved edge of a 5-in-1 tool to get rid of the paint under running water if you desire to reuse roller covers.

10. Offer yourself sufficient time

The quantity of time your task will take depends on the size of your room, how you’re painting, and your skill level. Using a dark shade on the walls and painting the ceiling and cut will take longer than just doing the walls in a neutral.

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