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How to Paint a Space: 10 Steps to Painting Walls Like a DIY Pro

Discover how to paint a room in your house or apartment with these easy DIY actions and illuminate any space in no time

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Painting a space is a popular project for starting DIYers and experienced renovators alike. Read onto discover how to paint a space and see the steps you’ll require to follow to make sure your project is a success.

1. Plan your technique

Start by considering how you want the completed job to look and keep in mind that you’re not limited to 4 walls in the same color. Think about painting an accent wall in a vibrant color or highlighting moldings in a contrasting shade or surface. And do not forget to look up and see whether the ceiling might use a refresh as well.

2. Pick your color

Start by figuring out the general color characteristics: Do you want a warm or cool shade? If you have existing furnishings or art, you’ll also desire to consider how the shade will compliment them. Evaluate the shades to see how they look in the room at various times of day.

Many paint companies also have tools on their websites that will let you upload a photo of your space and preview various colors on the walls. However colors can look various in real-world conditions, so you’ll still need to try it out in the area.

3. Select your tools and products

Every task is special and you might require various tools depending on the paint you choose and the condition of your walls, however there are a couple of must-haves.

  • Paint
  • Paint roller
  • Paint roller extension pole
  • Ground cloth
  • Paint brushes
  • Paint tray
  • Sandpaper
  • Painter’s tape
  • Rags
  • Putty knife

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4. Figure out just how much paint you’ll need

Whether you’re painting a powder room or the outside of your house, the general rule of thumb is one gallon per 400 square feet, states Carl Minchew, vice president of color development and design at Benjamin Moore. However that’s simply a rough standard: To get a more precise number, which you’ll absolutely want for large projects, utilize a paint calculator like the ones offered by Benjamin Moore or Pratt & Lambert; they take into consideration doors and window measurements. (And both assume 2 coats of paint per job.).

On the other end of the spectrum, a deep color base tends to require more coats of paint than a lighter color, states Carolyn Noble, color marketing and style supervisor at Pratt & Lambert. She recommends applying a gray tinted guide to the surface prior to you paint your walls a saturated color to help minimize the number of applications.

If you’re painting a highly textured surface instead of a smooth one, purchase a little additional, states Julianne Simcox, Pratt & Lambert associate brand supervisor. Cabinets with complex millwork need more paint, too; Minchew recommends buying about 10 percent more than determined.

Whether you’re painting a powder space or the outside of your house, the general guideline of thumb is one gallon per 400 square feet, says Carl Minchew, vice president of color innovation and design at Benjamin Moore. That’s just a rough standard: To get a more precise number, which you’ll absolutely desire for big tasks, use a paint calculator like the ones offered by Benjamin Moore or Pratt & Lambert; they take into account window and door measurements. On the other end of the spectrum, a deep color base tends to need more coats of paint than a lighter color, states Carolyn Noble, color marketing and style supervisor at Pratt & Lambert. She advises using a gray tinted primer to the surface prior to you paint your walls a saturated color to help reduce the number of applications.

5. Prep the walls and the room

You do not want to harm your favorite couch or that treasure Granny gave you, so empty the space of all the furniture. “Don’t skip the drop fabric, paint will splash, we assure,” say New Jersey– based contractors– and cousins– John Colaneri and Anthony Carrino, the stars of restoration series Grand Style on Ellen DeGeneres’s Ellen Digital Network.
“Getting a great seal so paint does not get under the tape is everything, plus it will pull away clean after everything is dry,” they say. Eliminate outlet and light switch covers and apply painters tape to safeguard outlets and switches from paint drips.

6. Mix your paint

Use a wooden paint stay with stir the paint, and re-stir typically throughout the job. If you’re using more than one gallon of paint, integrate the cans in a large bucket in case there is a slight variation in color.

7. Choose your painting techniques

Your paint is blended and your roller is at the prepared, however ensure to prepare a method before you start. Work from the top of the space down, starting with the ceilings. Preparation a strong focal wall? Paint the adjacent light-color walls. “Don’t worry if you get paint on what will be your accent wall– the dark paint will cover whatever lighter paint discovered its way there. After the lighter wall dries, tape off that ledge so the dark color doesn’t bleed onto your new paint,” Colaneri and Carrino advise. If you’re covering up dark walls with a brighter shade, intend on three coats: your guide, plus two coats of the brand-new color to make sure nothing shows through.
Take a brush and “cut in”– paint along the molding and the corners from leading to bottom– while your good friend uses a roller to cover the primary stretch of the wall, remaining away from those more precise areas. When applying paint with the roller, use long strokes in a W pattern for sufficient protection (and to avoid those bothersome roller marks).

If you are painting the trim, get rid of the painter’s tape and await the walls to dry, prior to applying tape to the walls. Start with the trim closest to the ceiling, moving on to windows and door frames, and lastly the baseboards.

8. Do not forget ventilation

Ensure your area is well-ventilated throughout the project by opening windows and utilizing fans.” Keeping the space warm and a fan blowing definitely helps speed up the drying procedure,” say the cousins. “If it’s a damp day, it will take much longer for the paint to dry.”

“Do not stress if you get paint on what will be your accent wall– the dark paint will cover up whatever lighter paint discovered its method there. After the lighter wall dries, tape off that ledge so the dark color doesn’t bleed onto your new paint,” Colaneri and Carrino advise. Take a brush and “cut in”– paint along the molding and the corners from leading to bottom– while your buddy uses a roller to cover the main expanse of the wall, staying away from those more exact areas.

9. Clean up

You’ve done multiple coats, however it’s not time to relax just. Remove all painters tape and gather drop clothes, making sure any spills or splatters are dry prior to you move them. For latex- and water-based paints, clean brushes with soap and water, while oil-based paints will require mineral spirits. You can use a painter’s brush to clean and improve bristles. If you want to reuse roller covers, use the curved edge of a 5-in-1 tool to get rid of the paint under running water.

10. Give yourself adequate time

The quantity of time your project will take depends on the size of your space, how you’re painting, and your skill level. Using a dark shade on the walls and painting the ceiling and trim will take longer than just doing the walls in a neutral. While some spaces can be carried out in a few hours, others may take several days. Make sure to spending plan more time than you believe the task will need and don’t forget to take preparation and cleanup into account.

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